Trading Post Times
Fred Harvey was a classic
the Harvey House lunch
rooms, restaurants, souvenir
shops, and hotels, which
served rail passengers on the
Atchison, Topeka and Santa
Fe Railway, the Gulf Coast
and Santa Fe Railway, the
Kansas Pacific Railway, the
St. Louis-San Francisco
Railway, and the Terminal
Railroad Association of St.
As an innovative restaura-
teur and marketer, Fred
Harvey is credited with cre-
ating the first restaurant
chain in the United States.
He was also a leader in pro-
moting tourism in the
Volume 13, Issue 4
R i v e r T r a d i n g P o s t
INSIDE THIS ISSUE:
What is an American
Indian? A Dilemma.
Old Tails from an Old
Great Gift Ideas for You 4
Navajo weavers are among the very finest in the world.
They are not only known for their exceptionally fine
weaving, but for the cultural traditions that are reflect-
ed in each rug or blanket.
Creation of these fine Navajo textiles has a simple
beginning, with the four horned Churro Sheep.
Navajo-Churro sheep are descended from the Churra, an ancient
Iberian breed. The Churra was the very first breed of domesticat-
ed sheep in the New World. It was imported to New Spain by
the Spanish in the 16th century and was used to feed and clothe
the armies of the conquistadors and Spanish settlers. It was par-
ticularly valued for its hardiness, it’s silky wool and it’s fecundity.
Due to the excessive drought in the 1930’s, the U.S. government
co duct d a stock reduction of the Native-owned Churro and
other livestock. Sheep, goats, cows and horses were slaughtered
or thrown into arroyos and burned, making the unique breed
Today the Navajo Churro Sheep Association strives to pre-
serve the “old type sheep.” And, the association been suc-
cessful as the Churro population grows, and no longer is on
the endangered species list.
Today the long, shaggy wool from the sheep is carefully
carded and hand spun into a virtual rainbow of colors,
which today is sold to Navajo weavers at a few Southwest
trading posts such as Burnham’s in Sanders, Arizona.
The Navajo weaving tradition continues today. From the wool of this four-horned Churro
sheep to the exquisite weavings produced by the Navajo weavers.
SPECIAL POINTS OF INTEREST:
22nd Annual Native American Harvest
Pow Wow. September 24 & 25.
Naper Settlement, Naperville, Il.
Pueblo Seasonal Dances. Please check
Pueblos for dates and times.