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The James N. Layne Cradle Katsina Collection


The James N. Layne Cradle Katsina Collection is a private collection of 674 carved Hopi Cradle

Katsinam (


in the Hopi language). The Katsinam were collected by Dr. James N.

Layne between 1980 and 2002. Dr. Layne is a Vertebrate Zoologist who lives in Lake Placid,

Florida, and who also has had a life-long interest in Native American cultures. Dr. Layne will

be 90 years old in May of 2016.

His collection may be the largest and most complete collection of contemporary Cradle

Katsinam in existence. In Hopi cosmology there are approximately 400 known, active and

inactive Hopi Katsinam, along with an unknown number of variants from the different Hopi


The entire collection is cataloged and includes the following information for each Cradle



Catalog Number


Hopi name and English translation




Carver and location




Published reference


Full view color photograph, front view

The collection also includes related reference books, correspondence, notes, carving orders,

receipts, and various papers written by Dr. Layne.

Most of the Cradle Katsinam in the collection (611) were carved by Theodore (Ted) Puhuyesva,

from Hotevilla, Third Mesa, Arizona. The remaining 63 Cradle Katsinam in the collection were

carved by 25 other Hopi artists, including a woman.

Cradle Katsinam and Their Development

Hopi Katsinam are supernatural beings that represent the spirits of revered ancestors, clan

ancients, plants and animals, celestial bodies, weather phenomena, landscape features, and other

elements of nature. More than 400 Katsinam are known, but an exact count is probably

impossible. The great diversity of Hopi Katsinam is partly explained by the fact that the Hopi

clans who emerged into the fourth world, and those whose migrations terminated in the present